By definition, in order to get a diagnosis of Specific Learning Disability (SLD), a child needs to demonstrate a discrepancy (or gap) between his average-to-above-average qualities and areas that are disproportionately worse. All people with learning disabilities have strengths, particularly relative to their weaknesses. The term “learning differences” is sometimes employed because it captures the fact that difficulties in some areas are directly tied to strengths in others.
For instance, in “The Dyslexic Advantage,” authors Fernette and Brock Eide list four “MIND” aptitudes common in individuals with dyslexia:
There is the most evidence to support the “M” (or visual) component. Several studies have suggested that people with dyslexia possess an enhanced ability to process the visual periphery and/or the “visual gist” of images, a skill that can be useful in multiple fields, including architecture and astronomy.
There is also an undeniable relationship between people with learning disabilities and success in business. “Psychologists who analyzed the mental makeup of business winners found that learning difficulties are one of the most important precursors of financial success. About 40 percent of the 300 studied had been diagnosed with dyslexia — four times the rate in the general population,” says one Sunday Times article, reporting on research from the Cass Business School. It is unclear whether the cause of this overrepresentation is the “big-picture thinking” often associated with people with LDs, a resilience that people with LDs tend to cultivate, or something else — but the numbers do not lie.
Children with learning disabilities also tend to be more empathetic, due to the hardships they face. Most teachers with learning disabilities view their disabilities as a having a positive effect on their teaching, likely due to the ability to empathize with students and their potential learning struggles.
Need help thinking of strengths specific to your child? Work with your child to complete Understood’s “Know Your Child Strengths” checklist. As you do this, you’ll both see just how many strengths he has. He may not even recognize which traits are considered strengths! It is essential to nurture the strengths he has so that he develops an accurate and positive view of himself.