How (and Why) to Start a Second Career as a Teacher
September 02, 2021
Some of the best teachers start out working in fields like business, scientific research, and the arts. Is the classroom calling you? Becoming a second-career teacher may be easier than you think.
"He who can, does. He who cannot, teaches." So opined George Bernard Shaw in his 1903 work, Maxims for Revolutionists; the aphorism has since become a common—and unfair—indictment of the teaching profession.
Consequently, career-changer first-year teachers are sometimes viewed with curiosity or suspicion—in part because those who do are typically paid more and respected more than those who teach. Why, people wonder, would anyone want to transition out of a career in another field to become a teacher?
As it turns out, there are many reasons people choose teaching as a second career. Teaching may not be an easy job—one report by Gallup found that teachers experience more on-the-job stress than most—but it is a fulfilling one. Gallup found that teachers are happy in their personal and professional lives. They may not drive Lexuses, but they typically feel good about what they do and accomplish for a living.
Unfortunately, there's not much data out there about second-career teachers. While we know that more than half of teachers enter the field via undergraduate programs and that there are lots of alternative teacher certification avenues, it's not clear where in their careers enrollees in either type of program are.
We also know that more than a third of today's educators were in another career before entering the classroom and that people who choose teaching as a second career "enter the profession differently than their colleagues coming directly from undergraduate teacher preparation programs" (as University of New Hampshire (Main Campus) Michael Hildebrandt put it in his doctoral dissertation). If you decide to become a second-career teacher, you'll bring the benefit of your experience, expertise, and enthusiasm to the classroom. You'll also bring a unique perspective to your career and share information about your subject area that other teachers don't have.
Ready to learn more? In this article about teaching as a second career, we cover:
- Why do people choose teaching as a second career?
- Is becoming a teacher easier for career switchers?
- What are the fastest ways to become a teacher?
- Will becoming a teacher mean taking a pay cut?
- What are the pros and cons of teaching as a second career?
- How can I decide whether teaching is the right second career for me?
Why do people choose teaching as a second career?
The answer to this question is different for every second-career teacher. "One night, this feeling came over me," a retired sergeant who served in Afghanistan in the early 2000s told Teacher Education Quarterly. "Inspiration basically said, 'When you go back, you're done. This is your last mission. You're going to be a teacher in the inner city.'"
Don't worry, however, if you haven't been visited by your own personal muse. Most people who transition into teaching after working in another field do so for reasons very similar to those who teach from the get-go. Some people choose teaching as a second career because they:
- Are looking for a job with regular hours
- Didn't find their first career fulfilling
- Enjoy working with children or teens
- Feel strongly driven to do good
- Have a passion they want to share with others
- Need to have the same schedule as their children
- Taught a class and enjoyed it
- Want to make a difference in kids' lives
- Were inspired by a teacher they had
- Were told they'd make a good teacher
Then there are the second-career teachers who land in education degree programs because they weren't happy with their professional lives and decided to take a chance on teaching. Sometimes it turns out to be the right choice, as secondary school teacher and Coordinator of Leadership Pathways for Seminole County Public Schools Val Brown discovered. "I wasn't sure that I wanted to enter the teaching profession even after I realized that my first career as a newspaper journalist was not a good fit for me," she told Education Week. "It took the veteran teachers in my family—my mother, aunt, and grandmother—to convince me to give education a try. After I was hired for my first teaching position and made it through my first week managing ninth-grade students and a yearbook staff, I had fallen in love with the profession and knew that I had made the right decision."
Is becoming a teacher easier for career switchers?
Whether transitioning into teaching from another career is easier than becoming a teacher after going to college depends on many factors, including how much education you have, what you want to teach, and where you'd like to teach.
Many people assume that becoming a teacher involves getting a bachelor's degree in either education or your area of interest and then a Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) or Master of Education (MEd). There are undoubtedly some career switchers who enter the teaching profession in this roundabout way. However, it's probably more common for second-career teachers to have undergraduate degrees and even master's degrees in disciplines unrelated to education. As long as you have a degree in any discipline, you won't be starting from scratch.
If you have a degree in the subject you'd like to teach, you may be able to get your initial teaching certificate after completing a one- or two-year teacher preparation program that meets the requirements of your state. If you don't have a degree related to the subject you want to teach—e.g., you majored in finance but want to become an elementary school teacher—you may be able to enroll in a one- or two-year master's in teaching or master's in education program with a concentration related to your teaching goals. As long as you choose a program designed to lead to licensure, you'll be able to get the credentials you need to work in the public school system.
Keep in mind that each state makes its own rules concerning the qualifications teachers must meet and the exams they must pass before to qualify for licensure. In some states, a bachelor's degree in any subject, a certificate from a teacher preparation program, student teaching hours, and a passing grade on the PRAXIS exams are all it takes. In others, aspiring teachers have to pass state exams to qualify for an initial teaching license and get an MAT or MEd if they want to renew that license. You can contact your state's Department of Education to determine what requirements teachers must meet to be eligible for licensure.
What are the fastest ways to become a teacher?
To address teacher shortages, most states have at least one state-sponsored alternative certification program designed to get teachers into underserved public schools and school districts as quickly as possible. Candidates accepted to these alternative programs (sometimes also called emergency, nontraditional, or temporary certification programs) often teach full-time (and receive a full-time teacher's salary and benefits) while pursuing the education necessary to get certified.
It's an attractive option when your goal is to transition into teaching as quickly as possible, but be aware that it isn't easy. Applicants must pass rigorous screenings, demonstrate their mastery of subject content (sometimes via exams), and meet high standards throughout the program. This can be especially challenging, given that they have no teaching experience or classroom management experience and are often placed in underfunded or underperforming districts.
There are also fast-track teacher certification programs administered by colleges and universities, non-profit organizations, and private companies. Teach for America, for example, offers a two-year alternative route to certification that puts aspiring teachers across the US into classrooms in low-income and underserved areas.
The fastest way to become a teacher, however, is to teach in a private, parochial, charter, or foreign-based international school. If you are a subject expert in mathematics, science, or another in-demand discipline, you might find a teaching position in these types of schools without a degree in education or a teaching license. Unlike public schools, private schools can legally set their own criteria when it comes to teacher standards.
Will becoming a teacher mean taking a pay cut?
The average teacher salary may represent a raise or a demotion depending on what you were doing before, but very few teachers choose this career for the money. Across the US, kindergarten and elementary school teachers earn about $59,000, middle school teachers earn about $60,000, and high school teachers earn about $62,000. That's not big money, though how much you earn depends on numerous factors, including location, experience, and education level.
Teachers with master's degrees do earn more. About 88 percent of large districts base teacher salaries on education level. A teacher with a Master of Arts in Teaching or a Master of Education may earn $10,000 more than their colleagues without advanced degrees.
As you work your budget, keep in mind that the average teacher spends almost $500 of their own money on supplies each year—and some spend thousands. Teachers work at least 50 hours per week, including more than 400 hours of overtime each school year that's essentially unpaid. And those summers off that make teaching jobs seem so appealing are a myth. Lots of teachers work at second jobs over the summer. Some work at those second jobs all year-round.
As one Reddit commenter put it in a thread about second-career teachers, "Having summers off is amazing. But only if your school pays enough for you not to take on a second job. Most areas don't pay well, especially for uncertified teachers. I did the math, and I work more hours as a teacher, with holidays off and summers off, than I worked at a full-time job working overtime."
What are the pros and cons of teaching as a second career?
Transitioning into teaching can change your life for the better, but that doesn't mean there aren't downsides to becoming a second-career teacher. Before making the leap into education, consider the upsides and the downsides.
- You'll bring real-world and life experience to your classroom. As a career changer, you'll have insights to offer your students from your previous career that many of your colleagues won't have. If you're thinking of becoming a teacher because you want to introduce young people to your field or share your passion, your professional experience will be invaluable.
- Your approach to teaching will be different. Because you didn't spend your college years studying academic theory and educational psychology, your teaching style will be unique. You may discover that your students enjoy your out-of-the-box way of teaching.
- You'll have insights into how schoolwork can translate into career success. Second-career teachers who teach classes related to their former professions have a better idea of what material is important and what is fluff.
- Teaching is harder than you think. It's more time-consuming than most people realize, and it can be emotionally draining in a way that many other jobs aren't. George Bernard Shaw may have thought teaching was easier than doing, but it's not.
- It's hard to be a newbie when you're older and launching a new career. Career switchers deal with the fact that they may have to answer to superiors who are years younger. Starting at the bottom with a newly minted teaching credential is tough when you're over 30.
- People will make assumptions. If you look like you could have five or ten or twenty years of teaching under your belt, colleagues and administrators may be slower to offer support—not because they have bad intentions, but because they assume you don't need it.
How can I decide whether teaching is the right second career for me?
Before you commit to becoming a second-career teacher, spend some time in learning environments with students in the grades you think you'd like to teach. IIf you're unsure whether you want to teach in a K-5 classroom, a middle grades classroom, or a high school classroom, look for opportunities to get some first-hand experience in each of those environments or work with students in those grade levels. You can do this by:
- Coaching a local youth sports team. It isn't the same as teaching, but you'll learn a lot about working with children or teens.
- Putting together an educational event. If your area of interest can be turned into a fun event (e.g., a math games night or a family-friendly history play), you'll be able to get a taste of what teaching is like and meet school administrators and students.
- Shadowing teachers in public and private schools. This is a great way to see what the day-to-day life of a teacher is really like.
- Tutoring students as a volunteer working in the public school system or working part-time for an online tutoring company. You'll get a sense of whether you enjoy teaching and what working with kids is like.
- _Working as a substitute teacher_ in your district. Many school districts need subs and have training programs designed to prepare non-teachers to meet that need.
In other words, your leap into teaching doesn't have to be a leap of faith. Some people, like the sergeant quoted above, wake up one morning knowing that they're destined to be in a classroom. Most people, however, take a little longer to transition into teaching, and that's okay. Students can always tell when a teacher doesn't enjoy what they're doing, and they act (or act out) accordingly. Before you enroll in a teacher-preparation or master's in teaching program, it's best to be sure teaching is for you.
This article was originally published in 2018. It has been updated to reflect the most recent data on the subject.
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