Everyone recognizes the influence teachers exert on education outcomes. The impact of educational leadership on achievement—while it probably generates fewer headlines—is no less essential.
Take administrators. Their impact is second only to that of teachers in the classroom, according to a recent study from Teachers College at Columbia University. In fact, a whopping 25 percent of student achievement may come down to the effectiveness of school principals, according to a NewLeaders study.
What this means is that educational leadership is extraordinarily important. Educational leaders can potentially play a significant role in students’ lives—and in the education system’s evolution.
Leadership positions require very different skills from those associated with success in the classroom. Some people assume that educational administrators are just former teachers looking for a change. However, the reality is that the best educational leaders do what they do because they are committed to making schools better.
Earning a master’s in educational leadership won’t automatically turn you into an effective administrator, but it can:
In this article about why you should consider a Master of Educational Leadership, we cover:
The term educational leadership encompasses everything it takes to achieve school- or district-wide educational goals. This includes everything from teacher development and non-teacher staff management to oversight of daily operations to making choices about what curricula and technology will and won’t be used in classrooms. It can also include things like:
Many administrative and student-focused roles fall under the educational leadership umbrella. Principals and vice-principals are educational leaders, as are district administrators and private school directors. Some resource guides include career and guidance counselors and instructional coordinators in their lists of educational leaders. In general, any role that falls into a school’s managerial or administrative hierarchy can be considered an educational leadership position. Education policy and consulting roles can also fall under the leadership umbrella.
Leadership in education is critical because someone needs to make big, unifying decisions about how to run schools and teach students. When it comes to what quality education looks like, the goalposts shift constantly. New research into educational theory and educational psychology drives these changes. It’s up to educational leaders to put that research into play in the classroom.
The students in part-time and full-time education policy master’s programs are optimists who believe they can make education better on a grand scale. They acknowledge the current education system in the United States is fraught with problems, but they don’t view any of those problems as insurmountable. They’re pursuing master’s degrees in education policy because they’ve dreamed of transforming their districts, improving on the ways students are taught across the entire state, or even driving sweeping education reform at the federal level. (
Universities offer so many degrees fitting for this category. At some universities, a Master of Education Policy or Master of Education Leadership program covers all the same subject matter as an M.Ed in Education Policy and Leadership. Others call this degree a Master of Education in Educational Leadership & Policy Studies; Master’s in Educational Leadership & Policy; Master of Education in Education Policy, Organization & Leadership; or a Master of Arts in Education Policy and Leadership. The only way to know whether the leadership and policy master’s program at a particular school is worth it is to look at the curriculum and the school’s job placement data. Make sure the curriculum supports your unique career goals and that the degree sufficiently impresses employers. ( )
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Master’s in educational leadership programs prepare students to step into advanced administrative roles in educational organizations. These graduate programs can take many forms and confer many degrees and still qualify for accreditation. Some colleges and universities offer a Master of Arts in Educational Leadership. Others provide a Master of Science in Educational Leadership. There are Master of Educational Leadership, or MEDL, programs. At some schools, educational leadership is offered as a specialization, like the Master of Education in Educational Leadership. Many schools bundle educational leadership and educational policy into one degree.
Regardless of how colleges and universities name these degrees, however, they’re almost always designed for teachers and aspiring administrators who want to make education better. Admission requirements vary. Some schools have strict prerequisites applicants must meet. Many programs either require or strongly prefer licensed teachers with classroom or professional learning experience.
Don’t assume that all master’s in educational leadership programs are just for teachers, however. Various competencies contribute to effective educational leadership. According to Boston College‘s Lynch School of Education and Human Development—which offers an MEd in Educational Leadership and Policy as an online program and in a hybrid format—students in educational leadership master’s programs may include:
The curriculum in full-time and part-time Master of Educational Leadership and other educational leadership master’s programs differ considerably from school to school. It’s typical for 30 to 40 credit hours of core coursework to cover topics like:
How those topics are covered in an educational leadership degree program will depend on how a school approaches this degree. Core classes and electives in Boston College’s Master of Education in Educational Leadership and Policy program include:
As you research this degree, read program guides carefully. Some colleges and universities let master’s in educational leadership students choose concentrations or specializations like Pre-K-12 Administration, District Leadership, Early Childhood Education, and Learning Design. Some programs include a practicum or capstone course in a seminar format or a culminating research project with a thesis.
Students in the Boston College program, for example, must pass a written examination to prove they have a fundamental understanding of educational leadership before they can qualify for graduation. Other programs help students prepare for a principal certification or principal licensure—usually by building field experiences into the curriculum.
A master’s in education leadership will usually satisfy the department of education requirements to step into school administrator roles in public education. It will also help you qualify for many other administrative and executive positions in public and private schools and at the university level. Keep in mind, however, that educational leadership is a multidisciplinary field. With a MEDL, you’ll be qualified to work as an administrator, education expert in government and private agencies, lobbyist, curriculum designer, advisor in legislative and legal settings, or education policy analyst.
It doesn’t matter whether you earn an online degree or study on campus. According to Mills College‘s School of Education—which offers an online Master of Educational Leadership—some of the more common roles master’s in educational leadership graduates assume include:
This is clearly a versatile degree and a good choice for anyone interested in becoming a school leader but is unsure what the future holds. With a master’s in educational leadership, you might also become:
You will almost certainly earn more with a Master of Educational Leadership than you would without one. However, be aware that administrator salaries can vary widely. The good news is that in the public school system, salaries are often tied to education so that earning a graduate degree results in a predictable raise regardless of whether you advance into a leadership role. The not-so-good news is that the size of that raise may or may not justify the cost of a two-year educational leadership master’s, which can range from $10,000 to $50,000 or more.
In all probability, this degree won’t make you wealthy, though you’ll probably have no trouble paying off any student loans you need to pay for your education. The average education policy analyst salary is about $61,000. The average instructional coordinator salary is only a few thousand dollars higher. Meanwhile, public school principals and deans earn about $100,000, while a college provost earns about $150,000.
Educational administration is a diverse field with some roles open to educators who don’t have master’s degrees. While many states require that principals and administrators in public schools hold master’s degrees—and there are lots of private schools and universities that hold administrators to the same standard—there are also districts, schools, and colleges that don’t specify what type of master’s degree candidates need to qualify for leadership positions. That means you may be able to work in administrative roles or in related fields like curriculum development and instructional design without a degree in educational leadership if you have teaching experience, a master’s degree in teaching, or even a graduate degree unrelated to education.
Success in educational leadership is about more than just meeting minimum requirements, however. You might qualify for positions in administration without a master’s in education leadership, but if you want to thrive in those positions, pursuing an MS, MA, or MEd in Educational Leadership will give you the skills and knowledge you need.
The bottom line is that, yes, a master’s in educational leadership is worth it if your goal is to have the biggest impact on students that you possibly can. A teacher can change the lives of a classroom’s worth of students each year. Meanwhile, educational leaders can positively impact the lives of hundreds or even thousands of students by improving the quality of education in a district, getting resources into underfunded or underperforming schools, improving access to education for underprivileged and minority students, and supporting effective teachers so they stay in the school system.
This article was originally published in 2018. It has been updated to reflect the most recent data on the subject.
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